What is a laparoscopy? Purpose Benefits Risks Recovery


Pelvic laparoscopy is a surgical procedure containing an instrument called laparoscope. This instrument is inserted by a surgeon through a small incision in the stomach.

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Medical staff often uses laparoscopy to diagnose disorders and diseases of the pelvis, uterus, and urinary bladder.

These small incisions are only about 0.5 inches long. As a result, laparoscopy avoids the need for an open surgical procedure. Doctors usually refer to laparoscopy as minimal invasive surgery or as whole surgery.

The procedure is usually carried out by a surgeon and the patient under general anesthesia. People will usually be completely sleeping and doing laparoscopy. However, regional anesthesia can be used where appropriate.

Although laparoscopy can be used in a number of different treatments, such as abdominal hernia repairs and elimination of the appendix, this article will primarily focus on pelvic laparoscopy gynecological use.

What is a laparoscopy?

Laparoscopy helps to diagnose pelvic and gynecological issues while it is minimally invasive.

Laparoscopy is a diagnostic procedure.

A surgeon uses a thin device with a light and a connected camera to help them make a clearer picture of organ damage and disease.

During laparoscopy, the health care provider puts the laparoscope into the stomach through a small incision in the stomach. They will then use a catheter which will allow clearer imaging of the organs in the stomach and the pelvis.

Sometimes, a surgeon may support laparoscopy with additional surgical instruments, which can be inserted into the incision sites. A laparoscopy is often faced with up to four small openings.

A medical professional who does laparoscopy may use uterine manipulation into the vagina, cervical and uterus so that the movement of pelvic organs can see a different anatomy.

When the procedure is complete, the surgeon removes most of the carbon dioxide from the belly, remove all the tools, close the bites with stitches, and cover the area with small bandages.

After the procedure, the individual may be tired or unhappy as a result of the anesthesia.

Most people are discharged from hospital on the day of surgery, although some people may need to be hospitalized for full recovery, for example after laparoscopic hysterectomy associated with removal of uterus.


Laparoscopy can be performed for many reasons, health conditions, and diagnoses, including tubal ligation, diagnostic procedures, and treatment of certain conditions.

Common reasons for laparoscopy include:

Diagnosis and treatment of endometriosis, chronic pain in pelvis, inflammatory disease of the pelvic, and causes of infertility

Elimination of fibroids, uterus, ovarian cysts, lymph nodes or ectopic pregnancy

Treatment of a range of disorders, including urinary incontinence, pelvic organ shear, and certain types of cancer

Evaluate certain cancers, including certain cancers, including cancer, uterus and cervical.

Find out more about identifying the symptoms.


As with any surgical procedure, laparoscopy has advantages and risks. All the advantages of this procedure are when laparoscopy is compared with open surgery.

The advantages of laparoscopy include:

Less pain than an open procedure

Faster recovery

Smaller incisions

Less risk of infection


The risks associated with laparoscopy include:

Bleeding and the need for a blood transfusion



Risk of damage to internal structures such as blood vessels, stomach, bowel, bladder, or urethra

Adverse reactions of anesthesia

Inflammation or abdominal infection

Blood clots


Back laparoscopy pain

Some carbon dioxide may stay in the body and create back pain or shoulder.

A series of symptoms may occur a few days after laparoscopy, including:


Sore throat, due to breathing tube during surgery

Discomfort on incision site

Abdominal bloating

Shoulder pain or back from any remaining carbon dioxide inside the stomach, the diaphragm can be glued

Should fix any shoulder or back pain within a few days. Next appointment schedule with a doctor for any of the following:

Pain is getting worse or severe pain

Nausea or vomiting

Vaginal heavy bleeding

Heavy menstrual bleeding or menstrual coagulation


Signs of infection, including fever, cooling or redness, swelling and discharge at the location of the incision

Urinary bladder incapacity empty

Shortage of breath

These symptoms may present difficulties from the procedure. These may require further treatment.

People can usually resume normal activities within 1 or 2 days of surgery. However, restrictions and specific post-operative directions discussed with any health care provider that provides laparoscopy.

This may include heavy exercise or avoidance for a few weeks.

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